Vicki Jeffers

Phone: (603) 862-2103
Office: UNH Molecular, Cellular, & Biomedical Sciences, Rudman Hall, Durham, NH 03824
Vicki Jeffers Profile Photo

The protozoan parasite Toxoplasma gondii is estimated to infect over 2 billion people worldwide, including approximately 20% of Americans. This highly prevalent parasite is adept at establishing a long-term chronic infection that can reactivate to cause serious acute disease in immunocompromised or pregnant people. Although there are some limited treatments available to treat this acute stage of the infection, these therapies often cause toxic side effects, or allergic reactions and can be unsuitable for use in vulnerable patients. Furthermore, the chronic stage of the parasite is currently incurable.

The goal of the Jeffers lab is to understand how the parasite activates or “switches on” gene expression to drive parasite growth and transition in its life cycle and cause disease. This complex process is influenced by a variety of factors, but we are currently interested in epigenetic mechanisms of control, specifically the contribution of bromodomain proteins. These proteins “read” gene activation marks on the chromatin to recruit other complexes that regulate transcription. Determining the role of the bromodomains in regulating Toxoplasma gene expression is not only a fascinating biological question but could also contribute to the development of more effective anti-parasitic drugs. We are now extending our interests in parasite gene expression to investigate precisely how the bromodomain proteins directly regulate the transcriptional initiation machinery and the factors that are necessary to activate a gene. We use an array of genomic, proteomic, molecular and cellular biology approaches to answer these questions.


  • D, Heidelberg College

Research Interests

  • Antimicrobials
  • Cellular Biology
  • Drug Discovery
  • Epigenetics
  • Gene Expression
  • Gene Regulation
  • Genetic Manipulation
  • Infectious Diseases/Agents
  • Microbes
  • Microbiology
  • Molecular Biology
  • Parasitology
  • Pathogenesis
  • Transcription

Courses Taught

  • BMS 655: Human and Animal Parasites
  • BMS 703: Infectious Disease and Health
  • BMS 795W: Investigations Biomedical Sci
  • BMS 799H: Senior Honors Thesis
  • BMS/MICR 735/835: Molecular Cellular Parasitol
  • GEN 717/817: Molecular Microbiology
  • INCO 590: Rsrch Exp/MCBS
  • INCO 790: Advanced Research Experience
  • MCBS 997: Seminar

Selected Publications

Fleck, K., McNutt, S., Chu, F., & Jeffers, V. (2023). An apicomplexan bromodomain protein, TgBDP1, associates with diverse epigenetic factors to regulate essential transcriptional processes in Toxoplasma gondii.. mBio, 14(4), e0357322. doi:10.1128/mbio.03573-22

Jeffers, V., & Child, M. A. (2022). No acetyl-CoA keeps Plasmodium at bay. CELL CHEMICAL BIOLOGY, 29(2), 174-176. doi:10.1016/j.chembiol.2022.02.003

Matissek, S. J., Karbalivand, M., Han, W., Boutilier, A., Yzar-Garcia, E., Kehoe, L. L., . . . Elsawa, S. F. (2022). A novel mechanism of regulation of the oncogenic transcription factor GLI3 by toll-like receptor signaling.. Oncotarget, 13, 944-959. doi:10.18632/oncotarget.28261

Fleck, K., Nitz, M., & Jeffers, V. (2021). "Reading" a new chapter in protozoan parasite transcriptional regulation. PLOS PATHOGENS, 17(12). doi:10.1371/journal.ppat.1010056

Maran, S. R., Fleck, K., Monteiro-Teles, N. M., Isebe, T., Walrad, P., Jeffers, V., . . . Moretti, N. (2021). Protein acetylation in the critical biological processes in protozoan parasites. TRENDS IN PARASITOLOGY, 37(9), 815-830. doi:10.1016/

Jeffers, V., Tampaki, Z., Kim, K., & Jr, S. W. J. (2018). A latent ability to persist: differentiation in Toxoplasma gondii. CELLULAR AND MOLECULAR LIFE SCIENCES, 75(13), 2355-2373. doi:10.1007/s00018-018-2808-x

Wang, J., Dixon, S. E., Ting, L. -M., Liu, T. -K., Jeffers, V., Croken, M. M., . . . Jr, S. W. J. (2014). Lysine Acetyltransferase GCN5b Interacts with AP2 Factors and Is Required for Toxoplasma gondii Proliferation. PLOS PATHOGENS, 10(1). doi:10.1371/journal.ppat.1003830

Miao, J., Lawrence, M., Jeffers, V., Zhao, F., Parker, D., Ge, Y., . . . Cui, L. (2013). Extensive lysine acetylation occurs in evolutionarily conserved metabolic pathways and parasite-specific functions during Plasmodium falciparum intraerythrocytic development. MOLECULAR MICROBIOLOGY, 89(4), 660-675. doi:10.1111/mmi.12303

Jeffers, V., & Jr, S. W. J. (2012). Lysine Acetylation Is Widespread on Proteins of Diverse Function and Localization in the Protozoan Parasite Toxoplasma gondii. EUKARYOTIC CELL, 11(6), 735-742. doi:10.1128/EC.00088-12

Jr, S. W. J., & Jeffers, V. (2012). Mechanisms of Toxoplasma gondii persistence and latency. FEMS MICROBIOLOGY REVIEWS, 36(3), 717-733. doi:10.1111/j.1574-6976.2011.00305.x

Most Cited Publications