Elizabeth A Fairchild, Ph.D.

Elizabeth A Fairchild, Ph.D.

Research Associate Professor

Research Areas

Fisheries biology, marine and estuarine ecology, essential fish habitat, predator-prey interactions, and aquaculture, including stock enhancement

Research Emphasis

My research is concentrated in two marine fisheries science fields, which often overlap: 1) ecology and management, and 2) aquaculture and stock enhancement. My fisheries ecology and management research focus on cooperative research with the recreational and commercial fishing industries to study movements, distribution, and essential fish habitat of economically important species in the Gulf of Maine and southern New England waters. My aquaculture research strives to assist the aquaculture industry, either through experimentation designed to improve hatchery protocols or via analyses to identify industry needs. Other projects I have worked on involve the development of marine finfish stock enhancement programs, specifically winter flounder in the Northeast, the cultivation of other potential aquaculture species, and the development of alternative ingredients in fish feeds.

Recent Projects

Winter Flounder Stock Enhancement: Funded through NOAA to Mote Marine Laboratory for the Science Consortium for Ocean Replenishment (SCORE)

Spawning Movements and Habitat Use of Winter Flounder in the Southern Gulf of Maine: Funded through the Northeast Consortium

Assessing the Risk of Green Crab Predation to Restoration Efforts in NH Estuaries: Funded through the NH Coastal Program, NH Department of Environmental Services

Defining Atlantic Wolffish Aggregations in Massachusetts Bay: Funded through the Northeast Consortium

Working with New England Communities to Restore Winter Flounder Populations -- Developing Pilot Scale Stock Enhancement Programs in Massachusetts and New York:  Funded by NH Sea Grant

Studying the population structure of the channeled whelk fishery: Funded through the Northeast Consortium

Characterizing winter flounder nursery areas using otolith microstructure and microchemical techniques: Funded by NH Sea Grant

White worm production and marketing for live aquaculture feed: Funded by USDA Northeastern Regional Aquaculture Center and NH Agricultural Experimental Station

Impact assessment of NRAC funding on aquaculture in the Northeast: Funded by USDA Northeastern Regional Aquaculture Center

Determining natal sources of adult winter flounder in the GOM and SNE/MA stocks: tracking fish using otolith chemical signatures as natural tags: Funded by NOAA Saltonstall-Kennedy Program

Identifying offshore spawning grounds of Gulf of Maine winter flounder: Funded through the Northeast Consortium

Inter-stock comparison of response to ocean acidification in early life-stages of winter flounder: Funded by NOAA

Reducing uncertainty in the data-poor assessment of Atlantic wolffish: Funded by NOAA Saltonstall-Kennedy Program

Publications

Bailey, D. S., E. A. Fairchild, and L. H. Kalnejais. 2015. Microchemical signatures in juvenile winter flounder otoliths provide identification of natal nurseries. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 144:173-183.

Fairchild, E. A., S. Tallack, S. P. Elzey, and M. P. Armstrong. 2015. Spring feeding of Atlantic wolffish (Anarhichas lupus) on Stellwagen Bank, Massachusetts. Fishery Bulletin 113:191-201.

Walsh, M. L., E. A. Fairchild, N. Rennels, and W. H. Howell. 2015. The effects of live and artificial diets on feeding performance of winter flounder, Pseudopleuronectes americanus, in the hatchery. Journal of the World Aquaculture Society 46(1):61-68.

Walsh, M. L., E. A. Fairchild, N. Rennels, W. H. Howell, R. Mercaldo-Allen, and C. Kuropat. 2015. The effects of live and artificial diets on feeding performance of cultured winter flounder, Pseudopleuronectes americanus, in the wild: survival, feeding, growth, and nucleic acid analyses. Journal of the World Aquaculture Society 46(5):461-474.

Fairchild, E. A., 2013. Bringing winter flounder back through community engagement (R. Zeiber, ed.). University of New Hampshire, New Hampshire Sea Grant College Program. UNHMP-IS-SG-13-04, Durham, 4 pages.

Fairchild, E. A., L. Siceloff, W. H. Howell, B. Hoffman, and M. P. Armstrong. 2013. Coastal spawning by winter flounder and a reassessment of Essential Fish Habitat in the Gulf of Maine. Fisheries Research 141:118-129.

Fulton, B. A. and E. A. Fairchild. 2013. Nutritional analysis of whole green crab, Carcinus maenas, for application as a fishmeal replacer in agrifeeds. Sustainable Agriculture Research 2(3):126-135.

Fulton, B. A., E. A. Fairchild, and R. Warner. 2013. Carcinus maenas (Linnaeus, 1758) in two New Hampshire estuaries. Part 2: Assessment of average intermolt period. Journal of Crustacean Biology 33(3):339-347.

Fulton, B. A., E. A. Fairchild, and R. Warner. 2013. The green crab Carcinus maenas in two New Hampshire estuaries. Part 1: Spatial and temporal distribution, sex ratio, average size and mass. Journal of Crustacean Biology 33(1):25-35.

Walsh, M. L. and E. A. Fairchild. 2013. A global perspective on conditioning flatfish for stock enhancement. Global Aquaculture Advocate, November/December 48-49.

Fairchild, E. A., and N. J. Rennels. 2010. Determining stocking strategies and culturing winter flounder (Pseudopleuronectes americanus) for enhancement programs (R. Zeiber, ed.). University of New Hampshire, New Hampshire Sea Grant College Program. Manual UNHMP-M-SG-10-23, Durham, 145 pages.

Fairchild, E.A. 2010. Culture of winter flounder. In: Practical Flatfish Culture and Stock Enhancement (H.V. Daniels and W. Watanabe, eds.). Blackwell Publishing. In Press.

Fairchild, E.A., J.A. Sulikowski, N. Rennels, W.H. Howell, and P.C.W. Tsang. 2010. Effects of moving acclimation cages prior to release of cultured fish: alternate release strategies for a juvenile winter flounder Pseudopleuronectes americanus stock enhancement effort. Aquaculture Research 41:602-606.

Fairchild, E.A., N. Rennels, and W.H. Howell. 2009. Using telemetry to monitor movements and habitat use of cultured and wild juvenile winter flounder in a shallow estuary. Reviews: Methods and Technologies in Fish Biology and Fisheries 9:5-22.

Fairchild, E.A., J.A. Sulikowski, N. Rennels, W.H. Howell, and C.W.D. Gurshin. 2008. Distribution of winter flounder, Pseudopleuronectes americanus, in the Hampton-Seabrook Estuary, New Hampshire: observations from a summer field study. Estuaries and Coasts 31:1158–1173.

Fairchild, E.A., N. Rennels, and W.H. Howell. 2008. Predators are attracted to acclimation cages used for winter flounder stock enhancement. Reviews in Fisheries Science 16(1-3):262-268.

Fairchild, E.A., N. Rennels, W.H. Howell, and R.E. Wells. 2007. Gonadal development and differentiation in cultured juvenile winter flounder, Pseudopleuronectes americanus. J. World Aquacult. Soc. 38(1):114-121.

Sulikowski, J.A., E.A. Fairchild, N. Rennels, and W.H. Howell. 2006. The effects of transport density on cortisol levels in juvenile winter flounder, Pseudopleuronectes americanus. J. World Aquacult. Soc. 37(1):107-112.

Fairchild, E.A., J. Fleck, and W.H. Howell. 2005. Determining an optimal release site for juvenile winter flounder Pseudopleuronectes americanus (Walbaum) in the Great Bay Estuary, NH, USA. Aquacult. Res. 36:1374-1383.

Sulikowski, J.A., E.A. Fairchild, N. Rennels, and W.H. Howell. 2005. The effects of tagging and transport stress on juvenile winter flounder, Pseudopleuronectes americanus: implications for successful stock enhancement. J. World Aquacult. Soc. 36(1):148-156.

Fairchild, E.A. and W.H. Howell. 2004. Factors affecting the post-release survival of juvenile Pseudopleuronectes americanus. J. Fish Biol. 65:69-87.

Fairchild, E.A. 2002. Winter flounder, Pseudopleuronectes americanus, stock enhancement in New Hampshire: developing optimal release strategies. PhD thesis, University of New Hampshire, Durham, New Hampshire, 142 p.

Fairchild, E.A. and W.H. Howell. 2001. Optimal stocking density for juvenile winter flounder, Pseudopleuronectes americanus. J. World Aquacult. Soc. 32(3):300-308.

Fairchild, E.A. and W.H. Howell. 2000. Predator-prey size relationship between Pseudopleuronectes americanus and Carcinus maenas. J. Sea Res. 44:81-90.

King, N., W.H. Howell, and E. Fairchild. 1998. The effect of stocking density on the growth of juvenile summer flounder, Paralichthys dentatus. UJNR Tech. Rep. No. 26:173-180.

Fairchild, E.A. 1998. Winter flounder, Pseudopleuronectes americanus, stock enhancement: a preliminary investigation into the performance of cultured, juvenile fish. Master's thesis, University of New Hampshire, Durham, New Hampshire, 124 p.

Elizabeth Fairchild
Kendall 215
Durham, NH 03824
Phone: 
603-862-4475