André Brito, Ph.D.

André Brito, Ph.D.

Associate Professor, Keener Dairy Research Building

Educational Background:

Post-doctorate, Agriculture and Agri-Food, Canada, 2009
Ph.D., University of Wisconsin-Madison, 2004
M.S., Federal University of Minas Gerais, Brazil, 1999
D.V.M., Federal University of Minas Gerais, Brazil, 1996

Courses Taught:

Ruminology (ANSC 708/808)

General Area of Interest and/or Specialty:

My research interests can be grouped in three areas: 1) enhance nitrogen utilization in lactating dairy cows via dietary manipulation; 2) enhance the concentration of total nonstructural carbohydrates in forages via daytime cutting management; and 3) enhance pasture nutrient utilization via supplementation with energy sources. The overall goal is to balance the supply of rumen-degradable protein and fermentable energy to enhance microbial protein synthesis while reducing nitrogen excretion to the environment.

Peer-Review Publications (2010-2015):

  • Martineau, R., J.B. Proulx, C. Côrtes, A.F. Brito, and T.F. Duffield. 2015. Two-stage ruminal cannulation technique in dairy cows. Vet. Surg. (in press).
  • Resende, T.L., J. Kraft, K.J. Soder, A.B.D. Pereira, D.E. Woitschach, R.B. Reis, and A.F. Brito. 2015. Incremental amounts of ground flaxseed decreases milk production but increases n-3 fatty acids and conjugated linoleic acid in dairy cows fed high-forage diets. J. Dairy Sci. 98:4785-4799.
  • Dorich, C.D., R.K. Varner, A.B.D. Pereira, R. Martineau, K.J. Soder, and A.F. Brito. 2015. Short communication: Use of a portable automated open-circuit gas quantification system and the sulfur hexafluoride tracer technique for measuring enteric methane emissions in Holstein cows ad libitum- or restricted-fed. J. Dairy Sci. 98:2676-2681.
  • Antaya, N.T., K.J. Soder, J. Kraft, N.L. Whitehouse, N.E. Guindon, P.S. Erickson, A.B. Conroy, and A.F. Brito. 2015. Incremental amounts of Ascophyllum nodosum meal do not improve animal performance but increase milk iodine output in early lactation dairy cows fed high-forage diets. J. Dairy Sci. 98:1991-2004.
  • Brito, A.F., J. Chiquette, S.P. Stabler, R.H. Allen and C.L. Girard. 2015. Supplementing lactating dairy cows with a vitamin B12 precursor, 5,6-dimethylbenzimidazole, increases the apparent ruminal synthesis of vitamin B12. Animal 9: 67-75.
  • Brito, A.F., H.V. Petit, A.B.D. Pereira, K.J. Soder, and S. Ross. 2015. Interactions of corn meal or molasses with a soybean-sunflower meal mix or flaxseed meal on production, milk fatty acids composition, and nutrient utilization in dairy cows fed grass hay-based diets. J. Dairy Sci. 98:443-457.
  • Hafla, A.N., K.J. Soder, A.F. Brito, M.D. Rubano, and C.J. Dell. 2014. Effect of sprouted barley grain supplementation of an herbage-based or haylage-based diet on ruminal fermentation and methane output in continuous culture. J. Dairy Sci. 97:7856-7859.
  • Hale, I.L., W.M. Wollheim, R.G. Smith, H. Asbjornsen, A.F. Brito, K. Broders, A.S. Grandy, and R. Rowe. 2014. A scale-explicit framework for conceptualizing the environmental impacts of agricultural land use changes. Sustainability 6:8432-8451.
  • Jolicoeur, M.S., A.F. Brito, D.E. Santschi, D. Pellerin, D. Lefebvre, R. Berthiaume, and C.L. Girard. 2014. Short dry period management improves peripartum ruminal adaptation in dairy cows. J. Dairy Sci. 97:7655-7667.
  • Brito, A.F., G.F. Tremblay, A. Bertrand, Y. Castonguay, G. Bélanger, R. Michaud, C. Lafrenière, R. Martineau, and R. Berthiaume. 2014. Alfalfa baleage with increased concentration of nonstructural carbohydrates supplemented with a corn-based concentrate did not improve production and nitrogen utilization in early lactation dairy cows. J. Dairy Sci. 97:6970-6990.
  • Souza, M.C., A.S. Oliveira , C.V. Araújo, A.F. Brito, R.M.A. Teixeira, E.H.B.K. Moares, and D.C. Moura. 2014. Short communication: Prediction of intake in dairy cows under tropical conditions. J. Dairy Sci. 97:1-10.
  • Pereira, A.B.D., A.F. Brito, L.L. Townson, D.H. Townson. 2013. Assessing the research and education needs of the organic dairy industry in the northeastern United States. J. Dairy Sci. 96:7340-7348.
  • Kokko, C., K.J. Soder, A.F. Brito, R.C. Hovey, and R. Berthiaume. 2013. Effect of time of cutting and maceration on nutrient flow, microbial protein synthesis, and digestibility in dual-flow continuous culture. J. Anim. Sci. 91:1765-1774.
  • Soder, K.J., A.F. Brito, and M.D. Rubano. 2013. Effect of supplementing orchardgrass herbage with a total mixed ration or flaxseed on fermentation profile and bacterial protein synthesis in continuous culture. J. Dairy Sci. 96:3228-3237.
  • Soder, K.J., A.F. Brito, and M.D. Rubano. 2013. Short communication: Effect of oilseed supplementation of an herbage diet on ruminal fermentation in continuous culture. J. Dairy Sci. 96:2551-2556.
  • Chapman, C.E., R.G. Cabral, S.P. Marston, A.F. Brito, and P.S. Erickson. 2012. Short communication: Addition of sodium bicarbonate to maternal colostrum: Effects on immunoglobulin g absorption and hematocrit in neonatal calves. J. Dairy Sci. 95:3961-3969.
  • Soder, K.J., A.F. Brito, M.D. Rubano and C.J. Dell. 2012. Effect of incremental flaxseed supplementation of an herbage diet on methane output and ruminal fermentation in continuous culture. J. Dairy Sci. 95:3961-3969.
  • Cabral, R.G., C.E. Chapman, D.M. Haines, A.F. Brito, and P.S. Erickson. 2011. Short Communication: Addition of varying amounts of sodium bicarbonate to colostrum replacer: Effects on IgG absorption and serum bicarbonate in neonatal calves. J. Dairy Sci. 94:5656-5660.
  • Soder, K.J., A.F. Brito, and K. Hoffman. 2011. Effect of molasses supplementation and nutritive value on ruminal fermentation of a pasture-based diet. Prof. Anim. Sci. 27:35-42.
  • Oliveira, A.S., J.M.S. Campos, M.R.C. Oliveira, A.F. Brito, S.C. Valadares Filho, E. Detmann, R.F.D. Valadares, S.M. de Souza, and O.L.T. Machado. 2010. Nutrient digestibility, nitrogen metabolism and hepatic function of sheep fed diets containing solvent or expeller castorseed meal treated with calcium hydroxide. Anim. Feed Sci. Tech. 158:15-28.
  • Soder, K.J., K. Hoffman, and A.F. Brito. 2010. Effect of molasses, corn meal or a combination of molasses plus corn meal on ruminal fermentation of orchardgrass pasture during continuous culture fermentation. Prof. Anim. Sci. 26:167-174.
  • Berthiaume, R., C. Benchaar, A.V. Chaves, G.F. Tremblay, Y. Castonguay, A. Bertrand, G. Bélanger, R. Michaud, C. Lafrenière, T. McAllister, and A.F. Brito. 2010. Increasing nonstructural carbohydrates in alfalfa improves in vitro microbial N synthesis. J. Dairy Sci. 93:693-700.
André Brito
Keener Dairy Research Building
30 O'Kane Road
Durham, NH 03824
Phone: 
603-862-1341